To answer the question, of what is decarbonization, it is the process of lowering carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions that come from human activity in the atmosphere, to answer the issue of what it means. Its goal is to stop the emission of carbon dioxide. We must drastically change the way we create and use energy, as well as how we operate, to achieve deep decarbonization.
What are Decarbonization and Strategy Used by Different Countries
Energy Efficiency Investments: Over the past few years, China, Denmark, Ethiopia, and the UK have all reduced their energy intensity at rates of at least 4% annually, greatly above the world average of 2.3%. This shows that they have understood what is decarbonization and are using the information to enhance their economies’ energy efficiency and lowering energy consumption. China, Denmark, and the UK have all established energy efficiency goals and put in place a whole range of investment and policy programs to boost energy efficiency.
Hydropower: From 1990 to the present, hydropower has accounted for most generations in Ethiopia and Costa Rica, two countries that obtain almost all their electricity from sustainable sources. These early investments in hydropower were done before there was a widespread push to reduce carbon emissions, thus it is likely that the economics of utilizing cheap, locally accessible resources had a major role in these choices. However, both nations have made investments in the more hydroelectric capacity as the need for electricity has increased, so these aren’t only outdated systems.
Investment In Non-Hydro Renewables: Countries have progressed based on electricity decarbonization due to their investment in geothermal, wind, photovoltaics, and solar. Compared to 1990, Costa Rica, Denmark, and the UK all obtained 20% or more of their energy from non-hydro renewable sources by 2017. Kenya has also significantly increased its capacity, particularly in geothermal. As the world’s largest market for solar and wind energy, China has had modest growth in renewable energy as a share of its overall electricity demand, but an enormous increase in absolute terms.
Economic Modernization with Electrification of Energy: When compared to total energy consumption, China has one of the greatest shares and rates of growth for the use of electricity. Compared to other energy sources like the direct consumption of fossil fuels like natural gas or oil, electricity currently accounts for over a quarter of its total energy consumption, up from only 6% in 1990. In other nations that have undergone fast economic expansion and modernization, such as India, Indonesia, Mexico, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates, the share of electricity in total energy has increased.
While Transportation Has been Delayed, Building Electrification Has Been Significant: Sector-specific electrification varies greatly. The sector of buildings, which includes both residential and commercial buildings, has by far the largest market share and growth for electricity. Electricity’s market share climbed from 19% of all building energy usage in the world in 1990 to 31% in 2017. Lower-income nations and mature economies have generally seen less change while rising economies (Brazil, China, Costa Rica, India, and Indonesia) have had the most growth.
Direct Commitment to Decarbonization and Clean, Efficient Energy: The economies of Costa Rica, Denmark, and the UK have all established 2050 net-zero emissions goals. The decades-long efforts that these nations have previously put forth in the areas of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and sustainable development are built upon their promises to complete decarbonization. More nations should adopt specific decarbonization goals.
Decarbonize to Step Towards a Better Tomorrow
The increase in pollution and degrading environment calls for immediate attention and action. While leaders and countries make policies, organizations can adopt several strategies to ensure they contribute to building a better and greener environment. With decarbonization, that goal can be achieved.
While decarbonization has several benefits, many have questions about what is decarbonization. For those, it is best to avail of consultation services. These are experts with significant knowledge in this field. With their help, you will not only learn more about this topic and implement it seamlessly.