Triglycerides are the fats in your body that give you energy. Triglycerides are composed of glycerol esterified into 3 fatty acid chains, which can be saturated or unsaturated, and the chemical composition of each chain varies.
Food that you eat is the main source of triglycerides, and your body also makes them, e.g., your liver. Extra calories or extra intake of sugar or alcohol may turn into triglycerides stored in the fat cells of your body.
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What is a high triglyceride level?
High triglyceride is when the level of triglycerides increases in your body; It may be because your body starts making more triglycerides or because of your diet. High triglycerides are very dangerous, like cholesterol, but they rarely have any symptoms. So you have to go through lipid blood tests routinely in order to check your triglycerides level.
For exact reading, you need to fast for 10-12 hours before the test. An acceptable number of triglycerides is below 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
The problem of high triglyceride increases with age. Young adults need a checkup after 5 to 6 years. But if the problem is inherited and you have diabetes, then you have to go through the annual test.
Causes for high triglyceride?
Factors that are responsible for a high level of triglyceride include:
- Extra use of alcohol.
- The inherited issue, because your family has high-level cholesterol.
- Liver or kidney issue.
- Extra intake of sugar or carbohydrates.
- Diabetes, etc.
Problems or issues related to triglycerides:
High levels of triglycerides cause many other issues, such as pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), risk of heart attack, and other vascular diseases, including; Carotid artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, fatness, Peripheral artery disease, and strokes, etc.
How to lower or prevent the increased level of triglycerides:
To keep your cholesterol level healthy, you have to adopt a healthy lifestyle and bring diet changes:
- Do something active like walk for half an hour or exercise daily.
- Use in your diet heart-healthy foods and lower the use of fats, sugar, and carbohydrates and take more fiber.
- Control sugar and blood pressure.
- Leave the use of alcohol.
- Sleep enough for at least 6-8 hours daily.
- Be away from over-stressing.
- Leave smoking.
If the level of triglyceride is not lowering, you may have to consult a doctor and take cholesterol-lowering drugs, for example, statins.
But you have to learn this thing first, you have to take care of it yourself. Consulting a doctor would always be the second option. Your first option will be that you maintain your diet so that even the problem of increased triglyceride does not arise, and then if it arises because of one or the other cause, you again need to be strictly related to your health.
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